New development should protect trees from damage or loss. Development which may impact on trees should be accompanied by a tree survey that establishes the health and longevity of the trees. Trees of good arboricultural and amenity value will be protected from development.
Development should protect and enhance biodiversity by seeking to ensure no loss or significant harm to biodiversity sites, protected species or their habitats. Where development would result in the loss or significant harm to biodiversity, applicants will be required to demonstrate that the adverse impacts will be adequately mitigated, or as a last resort compensated for.
Where appropriate, development schemes should embed proposals which look to enhance existing natural features within the site and increase biodiversity, such as maximising the potential for gardens in new residential development to contribute to biodiversity by providing a habitat for wildlife.
Development proposals should maintain and where appropriate enhance positive elements of the landscape character of East Boldon, as defined in the East Boldon Design Code, South Tyneside Landscape Character Study or other relevant documents.
Applicants will be required to demonstrate how the development proposal:
- Preserves, enhances and positively contributes to the character of the landscape of East Boldon;
- Has been informed by the context of the site and its surrounding landscape in terms of: height; scale; massing; orientation; and position;
- Seeks to conserve important local landscape features such as mature hedgerows and boundaries. Mature and established trees should be protected and incorporated into the development wherever possible;
- Sits comfortably within the landscape, by taking account of the topography and natural features of the development site;
- Creates new landscape features, including trees, shrubs and water features; and
- Includes tree lined verges along new roads.
New development should seek to protect and where practical, improve and extend the green and blue infrastructure network. When determining planning applications, consideration will be given to how development proposals:
- Protect and enhance green and blue infrastructure assets;
- Provide high quality links between existing assets and/or provide additional uses for multifunctionality where appropriate;
- Secure improved access to green infrastructure;
- Create a sense of place by protecting and/or fully integrating high quality, green infrastructure into the proposed development to reflect the character of the neighbourhood plan area;
- Integrate green and blue infrastructure with sustainable drainage systems and the management of flood risk; and
- Address the management and maintenance of new and existing green and blue infrastructure throughout and beyond the plan period.
Any development where an impact on the water environment is a possibility, will bring about an improvement to that environment. Improvements include:
- Naturalising watercourse channels;
- Improving the biodiversity and ecological connectivity of watercourses;
- Safeguarding and enlarging river or stream buffers with appropriate habitat;
- Mitigating diffuse agricultural and urban pollution;
- Ensuring that all drainage of new development is connected correctly and within the capacity of existing water and sewerage systems;
- Seeking opportunities to incorporate creation of wetland habitat in designs;
- Ensuring that development does not fragment the wildlife corridor; and
- Preventing introduction of non-native species via construction or other works and managing present invasive non-native species where practical.
Proposals that would include the loss of part of the greeninfrastructure network as defined on the policies map, should demonstrate that alternative provision, equivalent to or better than the green infrastructure proposed to be lost in terms of its quantity and quality, can be provided in equally accessible locations that maintain or create new green infrastructure connections.